Composting 101: How Chemical Composting Occurs In Your Garden

Composting 101: How Chemical Composting Occurs In Your Garden

Ever wondered how compost was made? It's a simple method that's been used by professional farmers and gardeners. Recently, compost soil has increased in demand because of long-term performance, and it's increased success rate of their plants growing organically.

Here, we'll teach you how the chemical composting process occurs. It's easy, and you'll find it useful to know the next time you're planning on working on your garden.

What Is Compost?

Compost is a process where the decomposed organic soil materials are recycled. They are then turned into a high-quality soil known as compost. Compost is the highest level of soil you can use to help your plants grow.

Holding Compost In Hands

Composting is the technique that is used to accelerate nature's process of making good soil. A good compost soil will look dark brown, a crumbly appearance, and a forest floor esque smell.

What Are The Ingredients To Make My Own Compost?

The best thing about making your own compost is that you can have control over the ingredients that are placed in it. This means that you have a limitless amount of possibilities to make a strong brown soil.

When creating the ingredients for your own compost, you should consider the balance. You don't want to rely on one single type of ingredient to create a good compost. Here is a list of things that you should consider and things to avoid:

Accepted

  • check
    Old spices and herbs
  • check
    Leaves
  • check
    Brush Trimmings
  • check
    Grass clippings
  • check
    Manore (usually organic)
  • check
    Old wine
  • check
    Dryer Lint

Needs Preparation

  • arrow-right
    Cardboard
  • arrow-right
    Shredded Newspaper
  • arrow-right
    Used clothes and fabrics
  • arrow-right
    Saw Dust
  • arrow-right
    Pine cones
  • arrow-right
    List Element

Don't Use

  • times-circle
    Large branches or twigs
  • times-circle
    Animal products - butter, milk, fish, meat

What Is The Chemical Process?

At the easiest level, composting is a process where the heap of wet organic matter (example: green waste, food waste, leaves) wait a period for a few months for it to break down. In layman's terms, it means that your materials will take some time to decompose into humus.

Conclusively, chemical compounds are useful for making hummus and maximizing your plant's potential. Keep your compost in good condition to ensure that you'll have the best-growing plants and a healthy soil to help them survive.
Pile Of Compost On Farm

The chemical process is the modern method of reproducing this process. It's a highly monitored, multiple step operation that uses nitrogen, carbon, water, and air. You can aid the chemical decomposition process through frequent turning and mixture of the soil, adding water, and shredding the plant matter.

In fact, fungi and worms aid your plants and soil by breaking down the material. Fungi and bacteria that feeds off oxygen start it by converting any input into carbon dioxide, ammonium, and heat.

When it comes to chemicals, the ammonium (NH+4) is a form of nitrogen that the plants use. If there is no available ammonium that's used by plants, it will be used by bacteria and converted into nitrates (NO-3) via nitrification

While the chemical process can seem difficult, it's the best way to ensure that your compost grows at an effective rate. We suggest using the chemical composting method once you've gotten the hang of growing your own soil.

Benefits To Composting

To summarize, compost helps improve the soil food web. The soil food web consists of fungi and microscopic bacteria; along with other lifeforms such as earthworms.

Most of the fungi create a symbiotic relationship with the plant roots. The relationship is mutual and helps the plant fight off diseases throughout the season. The symbiotic relationship also helps your vegetables feed themselves.

Studies show that adding compost helps vegetables and fruits stand up against diseases and improves the nutrition and flavor of your crops.

Holding Vegetable Crops

Also, composting helps your soil retain moisture. This is a great advantage as it allows your soil to infuse the water with its roots to help it grow faster. With composting, you can reduce the volume of trash while also growing into good and healthy plants.

Diseased Plants, Weed Seed, and Other Ailments

Adding nematodes, tomatoes that received diseases, or weeds that converted to seeds, depends on a few factors.It depends on how long you can keep your composting system hot and how hot the soil is initially.

Most composting experts state that you should not place weeds that turned to seed or diseased plants onto your compost. This is the fail-safe conservative position. If you're fully sure that you won't spread weeds when using your compost, don't place your weed seeds in a weed pile. This advice goes for diseased plants as well.

On the other hand, a hot pile can destroy any disease pathogen or seed that's stopping your soil's growth. Ensure that your compost temperature is about 131˚F for 21 days to prevent the growth of the diseases that could potentially harm the final result of your compost.

How To Speed Up The Composting Process

Compost decomposes at the fastest rate in a temperature range between 120-160˚F. Anything that can increase the heat will cook up the compost faster. These are three tips to improve your compost's growth rate.

Place your compost pile towards direct sunlight. This will speed up the process due to the heat.

Compost Pile On Sun

Feed your compost a large group of materials instead of multiple small portions.Collect all of your organic waste that you've gathered throughout a few days and place it into one large pile. The more compost you place at one time, the faster the compost will heat up.

Shred and chop the larger items. Doing this allows the bacteria to break the items down faster. For instance, you can use scissors to chop down material such as cardboard and hard paper. Alternatively, use a lawn mower to slice and dice leaves and other organic forms of waste.

Conclusion

Mainly, your compost is the most important aspect in your garden. By taking care of it and making sure the right amount of materials are placed in it, you'll experience stronger fruits and vegetables that are impervious to diseases.

Resources:

Ncbi

Fftc

Epa

Leave a Comment: