Creating The Best Garden: An Instructional Guide On Hügelkultur

Creating The Best Garden: An Instructional Guide On Hügelkultur

It doesn't matter if you owned a garden for a year or decades, a Hugelkultur is one of the easiest ways to ensure proper soil maintenance and that it turns into a fully functional garden.

Professional gardeners use Hugelkultur because of its long-term benefits and ability to irrigate each plant within proximity. Learning about Hugelkultur does have its benefits.

Making Hugelkultur

You'll be able to create a garden bed that aids your plants in withstanding tough weathers, have enough nutrients to keep it in great condition, and provides a great and inexpensive way to decay organic material safely.

What Is Hügelkultur?

Hügelkultur is an alternative composting process that creates raised beds based off of wood debris that's decaying and other biomass compostable plant materials. The Hügelkultur process improves the water retention, soil fertility, which helps plants grow faster on such mounds.

Overall, you should make a hugelkultur bed. Not only will it help your soil become fertile, but will have enough material to help it grow for multiple years. Create a Hugelkultur bed to ensure that your garden will remain beautiful and have the nutrients it needs to grow organically.

Put simply, Hügelkultur replicates the decomposition process that occurs naturally on forest floors. Usually, trees that fall down on a forest act as nurse logs.The trees begin to decay and provides a good nutrient source to seedlings.

Once the wood begins to decay, it starts to absorb water easier almost "like a sponge." After that, the water is transferred back to the soil where nearby plants benefit from the process.

You should create a Hügelkultur bed in areas where your underlying soil quality is compacted or poor. Hügelkultur beds are easier to maintain because of their height above the ground. On average, a Hügelkultur bed is about 3 x 6 feet in area and 3 feet in height.

Man Planting A Hugelkultur

When do we suggest using Hügelkultur? They are best to be used during the early fall and spring seasons. In fall seasons, it can be harder for your plants to receive water. Because of this, the Hügelkultur beds will ensure that your plants stay in good condition before winter starts

What Is The Difference Between Regular Compost And Hügelkultur?

The main difference between regular compost and hugelkultur relies on the materials used. For example, Hugelkultur requires you to use decaying woods to help cultivate your garden. With regular compost, you can use practically anything related to green material (ex: leaves, small branches, etc.) for better soil growth.

Also, Hugelkultur is a lot more than just creating a garden bed. Hugelkultur allows you to make a garden bed that has nutrients, air pockets, and organic material for whatever root you decide to plant.

Another difference is that Hugelkultur is for more long-term soil growth. Traditional composting methods just allow you to increase the soil's overall quality. But, with Hugelkultur it grows into a more filled with soil life as time progresses.

This means that after a year of having your Hugelkultur bed, it will warm the soil and make a longer growing season. The wooden part of the bed's matter will be used to refeed the water and nutrients to your garden's plants.

Through holding a lot of water, hugelkultur is used to create crops in the desert without irrigation. Hugelkultur is different than regular composting because it can retain water and use it to feed your plants and help them grow properly.

What Are Benefits Of Hugelkultur?

One of the main benefits of hugelkultur comes from the wood that's used. When the wood decays, it provides a long-term source of nutrients for your plants. Through the use of hardwood, it will help your plants grow for at least 20 years.

Group Of People Making Hugelkultur

The composted wood generates heat, which allows the soil to preserve its organic function. Doing the Hugelkultur method ensures that it can stay filled with water and have multiple decaying materials to help it stay in good condition.

Also, the branches and logs will act like a sponge. When it rains, the water is stored and is then released to be utilized when it's dry outside. You might never have to re-water your hugelkultur bed again unless there's a severe drought occurring.

How To Make A Hugelkultur Garden Bed

Starting to build your own Hugelkultur bed can be complicated at first. Here are a few tips to help you get started.

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    Gather wood: The wood can be branches, chips, or firewood that's becoming too punky (placed on the woodpile's bottom layer). Use what pieces of wood you have first or ask your power company to add and drop a load of wood for you if you're without one
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    What type of woods work?: We suggest adding softwoods such as apple, birch, cottonwood, poplar, willow, and alder are crucial in creating the base of your hugel bed such as oak and maple
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    Don't buy black walnut trees as they contain chemicals that are made to prevent your plants from growing. If planning to use conifers, make sure that your wood ages first before you place them on the growing area
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    If you plan on creating a conventional raised bed, place wood inside of it first before adding compost or soil. Create a base layer inside of your boxes by using hardwood
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    Place the bed in the sun if you want to grow vegetables: Alternatively, the shade can be of hugelkultur style if needed
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    Start mowing the grass on the desired area. After that, smother the area with some cardboard. Don't till as it will reduce the quality of the end result
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    Pile the wood: Create any shape you need, for example, a keyhole-shaped bed or you can place multiple beds together
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    Long-term care: Once the wood breaks down, it will start to collapse. Then you can add some compost onto the wooden area of the bed to fill in the plant pockets once you've needed

Conclusion

You'll need a Hugelkultur bed if you want your plants and soil to grow for the long term. Not only does it help them grow in the fall, but installing a good one will give your plants the support it needs for the winter.

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